|This page is for hosting providers who wish to improve the List
Management features on a Sun RaQ4 appliance.|
If your server was already Upgraded before April
2004, go here.
This package corrects and improves
the handling of Majordomo (List Management).
Overall changes and improvements:
- Owner of list was originally
'Admin'. This caused all bounces to go
to Server Administrator. A change was made so that the owner of list is
'Admin@YourVirtualDomain'. Now all bounces go to the appropriate virtual
- Added a new field for an
alternate moderator of the list. This causes
all bounce messages to go to the list moderator instead of the list
- Added a new option so that list
can be moderated.
- Enhanced the restriction of
postings to list so that it is either
open, subscribers only, or private.
- Added new field to maintain the
private email list for posting to
Caution and download:
A word of caution. The package below will probably void your warranty with
Sun. It probably doesn't matter since the RaQ4 appliances are no longer
being produced. This package was offered to Sun, but they were not
interested since they are now producing RaQ 550's.
Your Cobalt RaQ4 Appliance must have the following rpm
packages loaded (standard):
If you try to install our package and the above packages are not
loaded on your appliance, you will get a "Bad Package File" error and our
package will not be loaded.
The following download for Cobalt RaQ4 Appliances has been tested with all the
Sun Cobalt RaQ4 packages installed through May 1, 2004. It will
also work with appliances which have not been fully patched.
Download for OS Update 2.0:
Servers upgraded prior to the following April 2004 patch:
If your server was upgraded with the Majordomo upgrade prior to April 2004,
the RaQ4-All-Security-2.0.1-16706 Sun Cobalt patch will cause the Modify
screen feature of Majordomo to not work. The reason is because Sun Cobalt
restored an original file and wiped out the updated copy. This will not be
a problem if you installed EOHCmajordomo-1.0-3.i386.pkg after the 16706
If your server was upgraded prior to the above patch, start a telnet
session and enter the following commands to restore the file:
# cd /usr/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.005/Cobalt
Backup the new Sun Cobalt file:
# cp -a List.pm List.pm.neworiginal
Restore the file:
# cp -a /usr/EOHCmajordomo/List.pm List.pm
Upgrading from EOHCmajordomo-1.0-1.i386.pkg
This was my first attempt to make a package file and I overlooked setting
up the uninstall code. If you have already installed the first release, you
will need do a Telnet session in Super User mode to prepare your appliance
for upgrading to the latest version. Enter the following:
rpm -e --nodeps EOHCmajordomo
rm -f /var/lib/cobalt/EOHCmajordomo-1.0.md5lst
Now you are ready to install the package using your Server Management GUI.
Messages file needs to be resynchronized:
Some installations do not properly resynchronize the GUI
administrator with the new messages file. If the text on your
administration screens has changed, then perform the following
- Use Telnet and enter 'su -' to enter super user mode.
- /etc/rc.d/init.d/admserv restart
This will restart the administration server and reload the messages
Majordomo aliases needs to be
The alias file for all previously created mailing lists needs to be
modified. The aliases.majordomo file needs to have 'admin' changed to the
virtual host for each existing mailing list (admin --> firstname.lastname@example.org).
The new programs cannot change the old aliases. This must be done
manually. The new programs will create the correct aliases for any
new mailing lists being created. Perform the following steps to correct the
- The backup file is /etc/mail/aliases.majordomo.original.
- Use Telnet and enter 'su -' to enter super user mode.
- Use the vi editor. 'vi /etc/mail/aliases.majordomo' (Make sure that
you know how to use vi editor. You could get lost.)
- Use the find command to locate each admin. '/admin' the first time and
'/' for each additional occurrence.
- Locate each line that has the last word 'admin'.
- Examine several lines above for the fully qualified domain name (fqdn,
- Use the insert mode 'i' to replace the last word 'admin' with
'admin@<domain name>', substituting <domain name> with actual fully
qualified domain name.
- When complete, escape the insert mode '<esc>', and save the file 'ZZ',
or abandon ':q!'.
This will fix each domain so that the owner of each list will point to the
correct email address. Now the owner of the Cobalt server will not be
getting all the bounced emails. If you do not understand this last step, go
ahead and run List Manager and create a new list. Then come back here and
examine the new list that you made. Change all the other lists to be
similar to the new list. Again, the object is to correct all aliases that
point to 'admin'. When each alias points to 'admin', it thinks that the
owner is the server administrator. That is incorrect. It should actually
point to 'email@example.com' (actual domain name). Then the virtual
domain owner will get the bounce email instead of the server administrator.
The following files on the server are modified:
The original files above are backed up as follows:
Migrating a RaQ4 to another RaQ4:
A package is available from Sun Microsystems to migrate virtual sites from
a Sun RaQ4 to another Sun RaQ4. The
Sun Cobalt Migration Utility is loaded on each appliance and must be
modified to correctly handle the transfer of the upgraded Majordomo
The Migration Utility requires substantial Telnet (SSH) usage to perform
the transfer. Since the user is already in the heart of the system, we
decided to have the following program ftp'ed to the server and installed into
the proper directory.
To install, perform the following commands from super user:
# cd /usr/cmu/perl (change directory to the perl folder)
# mv RaQ4.pm RaQ4.pm.original (move the original file
to make a backup)
# cp <directory of ftp'ed copy>/RaQ4.pm RaQ4.pm (copy the
new file into the directory)
Here is the file - RaQ4.pm
Once the patch has been installed on both machines, the cmuExport and
cmuImport can be used to transfer the Virtual Sites from one machine to the
other. The instructions are given in the
Sun Cobalt Migration Utility User Manual.